Protection of the interest of producer and the consumer is considered the sin qua non for sound and sustainable economic development of a society and the nation as a whole. Legal Metrology is concerned with weights and measures instrument and the process of measurements under conditions dictated by statues. Since ancient times, standardization and regulation of weights and measures have been universally recognized as one of the major functions of the Government because of its intrinsic relevance to trade & commerce, technological and industrials development thereby socio-economic welfare of the people. Hence, the more developed a society is, the greater attention it needs to give to its metrological instrument and their application.

On the other hand, with the revolutionary changes in industry and scientific development more consumer goods are being produced today. To survive in the wake of economic liberalization and globalization, manufacturers and traders (firms) have to indulge in cut-throat competitive marketing tactics wherein lies the ruthless exploitation of consumers. In contrast with the 'firms', consumers constitute the largest unorganized public body and are vulnerable to various marketing evils of the modern days. As such, the onus of promoting and protecting the interest of individual citizens as consumers within a market economy is assuming greater pre- eminences as one of the primary obligation of the welfare state.


a. In order to effectively implement and enforce the allied Weight & Measures Acts and Rules, the basic aims and objectives of the Department are enumerated as follows:

i. To give adequate protection to the public concerning measurement performed in the course of trade & commerce industrial production and health care.

ii. To regulate sale and production of commodities in packaged forms.

iii. To equip, maintain, and update the secondary and working standard used in the state laboratories so as to ensure and provide the required standardized accuracy and integrity to those weights and measures used by the public.

iv. To provide timely legal and technical expertise in legal metrology to the enforcement personal, and

v. To strengthen and update the various organizational infrastructure including personal to commensurate with the ever- increasing quantity of workload and quality service essential for the society.

b. With a view to better protect and promote the interest if the consumers, the fundamentals focus of the department are:

i. To make effort for establishment of, and to co-ordinate and assist Consumer Councils, Consumers Disputes redressal Agencies, and other Consumer Organization in the State for the implementation of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and the Rules made thereunder.

ii. To maintained and monitor administrative and financial matter relation to consumer protection activities.

iii. To organized and take up programmes and plan for dissemination of Consumer Education to the masses so as to create a strong consumer movement in the state.

iv. To impart training, depute members or official connected with consumer protection organization for training, seminars etc sponsored by the State/ Central Government, and

v. To revamp the organization set-up of the department to cope with the growing workload of consumer protection activities.


LEGAL METROLOGY: Legal Metrology is the systematic transfer of measurement science to technology industry, trade & commerce, and other fields of human endeavor in a series of grade precision under statutory conditions. Accordingly, so as to ensure accuracy and reliability of various weight & measures used by the public, the department maintained the following standards laboratories.

i) Secondary Standard labs: This is the state -level lab, and is located at the Directorate Office premises in the State Capital Kohima. Secondary standards of various parameters such as mass volume, length and balances are maintained in the Secondary standard lab, which are verified and calibrated against reference standards located in the regional Reference Standard laboratories (RRSL) Bhubaneswar, Faridabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad and Guwahati. Secondary standards are used for the verification/ calibration of next lower hierarchy of standards i.e. working standards.

ii) Working Standard Labs: Each District Head Quarter maintaining one working Standard Lab with pre-requisite parameters of working standards. These are verified and calibrated against the secondary standard maintained in the secondary standards lab located in Kohima. Working standards are used for verification / calibration of all the commercial weights & measures used by the public i.e. traders, manufactures, packers, industries etc. For the standardization of weights and measures, to control their bonafide application and to regulate packaged commodities in the State for legal and technical compliance, the Department is actively involved in the following functions:

a. Periodical verification & stamping of weight & measures.

b. Licensing of dealers, repairs and manufactures of weights & measures.

c. Registration of users of weights & measures, and packers/ manufactures of packaged commodities.

d. Launching of surprise inspection and raids, and

e. Prosecution of offenders in accordance with laws relating to weights & measures.







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